Lysosomes to the rescue: Anterograde axonal lysosome transport and neuronal proteostasis

Niemann-Pick is a lysosomal storage disease caused by loss of the lysosomal cholesterol exporter NPC1 and leads to axon degeneration. Roney et al. report that immature autophagosomes accumulate in axons because cholesterol-laden lysosomes in the soma are not transported to the axon for autophagosome fusion and maturation because they aberrantly sequester non-functioning kinesin-1.