CAS. See Cost Accounting Standards
CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS)
CFDA. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance, a listing of all programs available to state and local governments, organizations, individuals, etc.
CFR. Code of Federal Regulations: general and permanent rules established by the Executive branch of the Federal Government.
Change order. A written order signed by the contracting officer, modifying contract clauses or scope of work without the consent of the contractor.
Classified research. Research sponsored by the federal government involving restrictions on the distribution or publication of the research findings or results following completion.
Close-out. Completion of internal procedures and sponsor requirements to terminate or complete a research project.
Cognizant audit agency. The federal office that is designated to perform audits for sponsored projects at a university (at UVA, the Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS]).
COGR. Council on Governmental Relations, an association of colleges and universities that advise the government on the impact of its regulations on their business practices.
Competing proposal. A proposal (1) submitted for the first time, (2) that was unfunded but is being re-submitted, or (3) for an ongoing project after the term of the original award expired.
Compliances and certifications. Federal and state rules and requirements concerning the responsible handling of research involving human subjects, vertebrate animal care, and hazardous substances, as well as other legal issues (such as conflict of interest, drug-free workplace, etc.). Administrative officers of an institution must regularly certify, by their signature, compliance with these rules and regulations; individual investigators must comply with institutional requirements and must sign to that effect on the proposal cover sheet.
Confidentiality agreement. A legal agreement preventing one or both party from disclosing confidential information belonging to the other party. Also called a nondisclosure agreement.
Conflict of commitment. Any situation in which non-university activities are sufficiently demanding of time and attention that they interfere with assigned duties or with responsibilities to students or the university.
Conflict of interest. Situations in which employees use their positions for purposes that are, or give the appearance of being, motivated by a desire for private gain for themselves or others, such as those with whom they have family, business or other ties.
Consideration. Anything of value that changes hands between the parties of contract.
Consortium agreement. A document formalizing the terms and conditions under which a group of collaborative investigators (i.e., a consortium) at different institutions collaborate on a project.
Consultant. An individual whose expertise is required by the PI to perform the research project. Consultant may be a paid or unpaid.
Continuation project (non-competing). A subsequent award on a project after the previous budget period has expired, on multi-year projects. These do not compete with other proposals: rather, satisfactory progress is assessed in determining whether to provide the next period’s funding.
Contract. Agreement to provide services that primarily benefit the sponsor. For an award to be considered a contract, it normally must contain all of the following: detailed financial and legal requirements; specific statement of work to be performed; deliverables and/or reports required by the sponsor; accounting procedures to be followed; legally binding contract clauses.
Contract/grant officer. A sponsor’s designee who is responsible for the business management aspects of an award. In general, this individual works with the project (scientific) officer.
Cooperative Agreement. An award involving greater agency involvement than a grant, during proposal preparation or in carrying out the scope of work.
Co-Principal Investigator (Co-PI). An investigator sharing responsibility for the direction of a research program. PHS/NIH does not recognize the concept of co-principal investigator, but does recognize multiple-PI projects.
Copyright. A government grant of exclusivity in reproduction and sale of creative (e.g., literary, artistic, computer programs) inventions.
Cost Accounting Standards (CAS). Federally mandated accounting standards intended to ensure uniformity in budgeting and spending funds.
Cost-reimbursement contract/grant. A contract or grant for which the sponsor reimburses the actual allowable costs incurred during the conduct of the work.
Cost-sharing. University and nonfederal sponsor resources provided in support of sponsored programs; includes contributed effort and matching funds. Cost-sharing contributions must meet the following criteria: verifiability in University records; contributions are allowable, allocable, reasonable, and necessary to accomplish the scope of work; shared costs are not also used for other projects; and shared costs are identifiable in the proposal budget or justification.
Cover sheet. The first page of a proposal, often in a format supplied by an agency, showing summary data on the proposal and PI, plus all required compliance check-offs
CRADA or CRDA. Cooperative Research and Development Agreement. A document allowing government investigators to collaborate with non-government scientists on common research projects.
CSR. Center for Scientific Review (National Institutes of Health).