Girija Ramakrishnan

Ramakrishnan, Girija

Primary Appointment

Associate Professor, Medicine: Infectious Diseases and International Health


  • MSc, Life Sciences, CCMB, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Indi
  • PhD, Molecular Biology , State University of New York at Stony Brook

Contact Information

PO Box 801340
345 Crispell Drive, MR-6 1st floor, Room 1713
Charlottesville, VA 22908
Telephone: 434-243-7243
Fax: 434-924-0075

Research Disciplines

Biochemistry, Infectious Diseases/Biodefense, Microbiology, Molecular Biology

Research Interests

Iron-uptake mechanisms and Virulence Factors of Francisella tularensis; Microbial Pathogenesis

Research Description

Tularemia is a plague-like disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.  This organism is highly infectious as an aerosol and an effective vaccine for the agent does not currently exist.  My major research interest is in mechanisms governing pathogenicity of this intracellular pathogen.  Acquisition of iron in the host environment is a challenge for the pathogen, and we are studying the mechanisms for acquisition of iron using a combination of bioinformatics, genetic and proteomic methods.    F. tularensis uniquely employs paralogous proteins for TonB-independent siderophore-mediated uptake and for high affinity ferrous iron transport across the outer membrane. These iron acquisition mechanisms are critical for pathogenicity. These iron uptake and utilization mechanisms are potential targets for development of  vaccine and therapeutic strategies.

Girija Ramakrishnan is an affiliated faculty member of the Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases program.

Selected Publications