Inpatient Clinical Consultation
The fellow will participate in the inpatient consultation service. Responding to vascular medicine consultations, the fellow will see and evaluate inpatients with a variety of vascular diseases. The fellow will obtain a history of the patient’s presentation, perform a physical examination, and actively participate in the interpretation of the non-invasive test data. The case will be discussed and pertinent physical examination, laboratory and non-invasive study data reviewed by an attending staff physician and the fellow. The fellow will be trained to integrate the patient’s entire medical/clinical presentation and non-invasive study data to make accurate diagnoses and appropriate clinical decisions with respect to further invasive evaluation of the patient and therapeutic interventions. The strengths of medical vs. percutaneous vs. surgical therapy will be discussed for each case by the attending and the fellow. Written consultation will be provided addressing the pertinent issues relevant to the patient. The fellow will work with Drs. Aditya Sharma, Randy Ramcharitar and Kanwar Singh.
The fellow will see patients with the vascular medicine attending in the outpatient setting. As described in the inpatient consultation section above, the fellow will be involved in the evaluation and management of patients. These patients will become the primary responsibility of the fellow throughout the academic year. This will be on an average 2 days per week. Outpatient longitudinal follow-up will be performed for all the patient groups outlined above, and the fellow will be expected to communicate to their patients between office visits, and see the fellow’s patient in hospital when relevant. The fellow will work with Drs. Aditya Sharma, Randy Ramcharitar and Kanwar Singh.
Non-Invasive Vascular Laboratory
The fellow will be scheduled to spend a minimum of 8-12 weeks in the non-invasive vascular laboratory. They will shadow and work technologists in order to learn how to perform non-invasive vascular examinations. . During that time, the fellow should work with that technologist and learn the basics of ultrasound physics, knobology, optimization of color, and general maintenance of the ultrasound equipment. After a brief introductory period in which the fellows learn how to operate the ultrasound and PVR machines, the fellow will learn to perform studies and then he or she will be checked by the technologist with whom they are working. The fellow will be provided a series of cases to review in the vascular laboratory. The fellow is encouraged to review these cases blindly and then compare to the formal interpretation. Any questions will be reviewed with a staff member. The fellow will also read studies with the attending interpreting vascular studies. Also, fellows are encouraged to schedule ad-hoc sessions with staff members reading non-invasive studies in order to review ongoing clinical studies with them. Fellows must document their formal interpretation before reviewing cases with the attending physician. Finally, fellows are expected to review all studies pertaining to in- and outpatients they see with the staffing physicians. Fellows should maintain a record of the studies that they have reviewed. The fellow will work with technologist and Drs. Aditya Sharma and Randy Ramcharitar.
Several rotations have been arranged to enhance the fellow’s clinical experience during Vascular Medicine fellowship. The fellow will attend all Vascular Medicine conferences during these rotations. The fellow may have on-call related duties in Vascular Medicine during any of the elective months. The required rotations include Wound care clinic, Vascular Surgery, Vascular Intervention, Neurovascular and Pulmonary Hypertension. The fellow will have dedicated time for research and is expected to initiate and ideally complete a research project during the fellowship. In some circumstances, one elective rotation may be arranged in the latter half of the academic year, but such rotations require discussion and approval by the Program Director.
a. Vascular Surgery
Vascular Surgery will allow you to gain several different perspectives on the endovascular and surgical management of vascular diseases, as well as allow you to gain experience regarding choices between using endovascular versus open procedures for treating various conditions.
During the 4-week rotation in Vascular Surgery, the fellow will be expected to scrub in on operative cases and follow patients with their assigned Vascular Surgery fellows. They should participate in as many cases as possible. Specifically, involvement in carotid endarterectomy, aneurysm repair, open and endovascular, and peripheral bypass surgery is expected. Additional experience in endovascular techniques will complement the exposure you achieve during your vascular intervention rotations. Fellows are usually assigned to a “team” which also includes vascular surgery residents and fellows as well as mid-level providers, all of whom round daily as a “team” with a designated Staff. Fellows will be required to write progress notes, order tests and prescribe therapies as discussed during rounds. The fellow will rotate with Drs. Darren Clouse, William Robinson, Carlin Williams, Margaret Tracci and John Kern.
b. Vascular Intervention
During this 4-week rotation, you should gain familiarity with relevant aspects pertaining to arterial puncture/access, catheter positioning, different diagnostic and interventional techniques including angioplasty and stent placement, arterial and venous thrombolysis, IVC filter placement and retrieval, diagnostic venography and venous intervention, as well as arterial closure. During this rotation, the fellow will work with Drs. John Angle, Ziv Haskal, Auh Park, Luke Wilkins, Minhaj Khaja and Daniel Shereen.
c. Neurovascular Clinic
This rotation will allow you to familiarize with the clinical approach to, and management of, patients with neurovascular diseases. Understanding the principles of laboratory diagnosis of neurovascular diseases, as well as the decision-making process involved in the selection of appropriate therapy and monitoring should widen the Vascular Medicine fellows’ knowledge beyond what is typically expected from a Vascular Medicine specialist. The fellow will complete a total of 10-16 clinic sessions which will be equivalent with 2 week rotation. During this rotation, the fellow will work with Drs. Andrew Southerland and Bradford Worrall.
d. Wound Care and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
During this rotation you will work closely with Wound care team including Dr. Thomas Gampper and Caroline McDaniel RN including others. You will gain experience in the basic principles of wound care. The fellow will actively participate in assessment, debridement, and dressing the patients.
e. Other electives
Electives can be arranged in pulmonary hypertension clinic, hematology, Vascular MR and CTA or any other areas of interest. Please discuss elective rotations with the Program Director prior to the month in which they are assigned. The fellow also participates in the pulmonary embolism response team and learns in-depth management of acute massive and submassive pulmonary embolism.