Nutrition Articles

The nutrition articles from the Practical Gastroenterology Journal are edited by Carol Rees Parrish, MS, RD

Click here for a list of articles by TOPIC

Click here for the 2003 – 2007 Celiac Series

Articles from 2021

January:  Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome: Nutritional Care

FebruaryMarch is Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month – What Clinicians Need to Know in 2021

March:  Bezoars: Recognizing and Managing These Stubborn, Sometimes Hairy, Roadblocks of the GI Tract

Articles from 2020

JanuaryTreatment of Iron Deficiency in Gastroenterology: A New Paradigm

February:  Mobility and Motility: Constipation Impairs Enteral Feeding in Disabled and Immobile Patients

March:  ORS: The Solutions to Optimize Hydration in Short Bowel Syndrome

April:  Chronic Atrophic Gastritis: Don’t Miss These Nutritional Deficiencies

May:  Does Your Patient Have Bile Acid Malabsorption?

June:  Mast Cell Activation Syndrome: What It Is and Isn’t

July:  Copper Deficiency: Like a Bad Penny

August:  Wilsons Disease: The Copper Connection

September:  Clostridioides difficile Infection: Is There a Role for Diet and Probiotics?

October:  Metabolic Acidosis: Got Bicarbonate?

November Nutrition Considerations for the Cirrhotic Patient

December Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) and Immunonutrition: An Evidence Based Approach

Articles from 2019

January  Enteral Feeding Part I: Pesky Bowel Sounds and Gastric Residual Volumes

February  Enteral Nutrition Part II: Eradicate Barriers with Root Cause Analysis and Focused Intervention

April Enteral Nutrition Part III: Jejunal Enteral Feeding: The Tail is Wagging the Dog(ma)

May  Enteral Nutrition Part IV: Hydrating the Enterally Fed Patient–It Isn’t Rocket Science

June The POTS (Postural Tachycardia Syndrome) Epidemic: Hydration and Nutrition Issues

July  FODMAPS Everywhere and Not a Thing to Eat

August The Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The Evidence and Execution

September:  High Output Ileostomies: The Stakes are Higher than the Output

OctoberDiet in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

November:  Fiber and Ileostomies: Does it Help or Hurt?

December: Timely Topics in Gluten-Free Labeling

Articles from 2018

January   Moo-ove Over, Cow’s Milk: The Rise of Plant-Based Dairy Alternatives

February Amyloid: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing

March   Food for Thought: Importance of Nutrition in Alcoholic Hepatitis

April   Nutritional Care of the Patient with Eosinophilic Esophagitis

May  When a Registered Dietitian Becomes the Patient: Translating the Science of the Low FODMAP Diet to Daily Living

June  Blenderized Feeding Options — The Sky’s the Limit

July  Got Lactase? A Clinician’s Guide to Lactose Intolerance

August  Full Force Enteral Nutrition: A New Hope or the Dark Side? A Critical Look at Enhanced Feeding Protocols

September  Pragmatic Management of Nutrition in Severe Acute Pancreatitis

October  Conventional, Complementary, and Controversial Approaches to Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

November Pancreatic Exocrine Insufficiency and Enteral Feeding: A Practical Guide with Cases Studies

December Revisiting Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A Clinician’s Guide for the 21st Century

Articles from 2017

January   Medicare Coverage for Home Parenteral Nutrition – An Oxymoron? Part II Real Life Case Studies – What Does it Take to Qualify For HPN?

February  The Use of Medium-Chain Triglycerides in Gastrointestinal Disorders

March Lactic Acidosis: A Lesser Known Side Effect of Thiamine Deficiency

April  Protein Losing Enteropathy: Diagnosis and Management

May  Pancreatogenic Type 3c Diabetes: Underestimated, Underappreciated and Poorly Managed

June Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency

July  Reinfusion of Gastrointestinal Secretions: The Bedside Experience

August  Parenteral Nutrition — Lipid Emulsions and Potential Complications

September:  Seeking Enteral Autonomy with Teduglutide

OctoberNutritional Approaches to Chronic Nausea and Vomiting

November:  A Clinician’s Guide to Defining, Identifying, and Documenting Malnutrition in Hospitalized Patients

December:   Have PN (Parenteral Nutrition)– Will Travel

Articles from 2016

January  Nutritional Implications of GI-Related Scleroderma

February  Wernicke’s Encephalopathy: Under Our Radar More Than It Should Be?

March  Pancreatic Resection: Nutritional Implications and Long-Term Follow Up

April  Enhanced Recovery After Surgery: If You Are Not Implementing It, Why Not?

June  Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia After Gastric Bypass Surgery

July  Vitamin D Deficiencies in Patients with Disorders of the Digestive System: Current Knowledge and Practical Considerations

August  Immunonutrition in 2016: Benefit, Harm or Neither?

September Refeeding the Malnourished Patient: Lessons Learned

October  Sterile Water and Enteral Feeding: Fear Over Logic

November  Achalasia and Nutrition: Is it Simple Physics or Biology?

December  Medicare Coverage for Home Parenteral Nutrition: An Oxymoron? Part I

Articles from 2015

February  Short Bowel Syndrome: Hydrating the Adult Patient

March  Short Bowel Syndrome in Adults: A Guide to Front Line Drugs Used in the Treatment of Short Bowel

April  Short Bowel Syndrome in Adults: A Guide to Front Line Drugs Used in the Treatment of Short Bowel Syndrome

May Short Bowel Syndrome in Adults: Trophic Agents in the Treatment of Short Bowel

June  Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity: Where Are We in 2015?

July   Low Fiber Vs Low Residue Diets in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Evidence to Support vs Habit?

August   Getting Critical About Constipation

September  D-Lactic Acidosis: More Prevalent Than We Think?

October  How to Buy, Store and Eat Olive Oil

December  Transition to Ready to Hang Enteral Feeding System: One Institution’s Experience

Articles from 2014

January  Magnesium: So Underappreciated

February  Yogurt: Nutritious Food or Sugary Snack?

March  Clogged Feeding Tubes: A Clinician’s Thorn

April  Nutrition Update in Hepatic Failure

May  Trace Element Supplementation and Monitoring in the Adult Patient on Parentaral Nutrition

June  Nutrition Guidelines for Treatment of Children with Eosinophilic Esophagitis

July  The Calorie Requirement Conundrum

August  Short Bowel Syndrome in Adults: Physiologic Alterations and Clinical Consequences

September  Coding for Malnutrition in the Adult Patient: What the Physicians Needs to Know

October  Short Bowel Syndrome in Adults: Nutrition Therapy

November  Celebrating the Holidays: A Fresh Look at Holiday Food for Those with Dysphagia

December  Blenderized Tube Feeding: Suggested Guidelines for Clinicians


                Clinical Observations–Correcting Hypernatremia: Enteral or Intravenous Hydration?


Articles from 2013

January  Nutritional Management of the Adult with Cystic Fibrosis: Part I

February  Nutritional Management of the Adult with Cystic Fibrosis: Part II

March  Bone Health After Major Upper Intestinal Surgery

April   Nephrolithiasis and Gastrointestinal Disease: Can Diet Intervention Help?

May   Understanding Medicare Coverage for Home Enteral Nutrition

June   A Practical Guide to the Nutritional Management of Chronic Pancreatitis

July   Chronic Constipation in Children: An Overview

August Low Serum Phosphorus Getting You Down?

September Nutritional Management for Head and Neck Cancer Patients

October Gluten Content of Selected Labeled Gluten-Free Foods Sold in the US

November Food Allergies: Dietary Management

December  Fiber Enriched Enteral Formulae: Advantageous or Adding Fuel to the Fire



January To Hold (Enteral Feeding) or Not to Hold

February Celiac Disease: What Gluten Free Means Today

March Antioxidants as Adjunctive Therapy for Pain in Chronic Pancreatitis

April  Nutrition in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

May  High Risk Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tubes

June  Adult Inflammatory Bowel Disease

July  When the Bowel Becomes the Bladder: Metabolism after Urinary Diversion

August  Post Whipple: A Practical Approach to Nutrition Management

September  Nutrition and Nutraceuticals for Muscle Recovery and Maintenence: Hero or Hokum?

October  Bile Acids: A Unrecognized and Underappreciated Cause of Chronic Diarrhea

November Dermatitis Herpetiformis: What Practitioners Need to Know

December  FODMAP Diet Update: Craze or Credible?



January Nasal Bridle: Married to Your Tube

February Nutrition Management and Intervention in Cerebral Palsy

March Blind Placement of Feeding Tubes: Treatment or Threat?

April Nutrition Management of Chyle Leaks: An Update

May Hepatic Encephalopathy: Are NH4 Levels and Protein Restriction Obsolete?

AlsoTable of FDA Approved Pancreatic Enzyme Therapy

June Nutrition Support in Acute Kidney Injury: How Much Protein is Enough or Too Much?

July Cyclic Parenteral Nutrition Infusion: Considerations for the Clinician

August Nourishing Little Hearts: Nutritional Implications for Congenital Heart Disease

September Nutrition in Gastroparesis: The Art

November Severe Micronutrient Deficiencies in RYGB Patients



January Propofol Related Infusion Syndrome

February Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

April Reinfusion of Intestinal Secretions: A Viable Option for Select Patients

May Buried Bumper Syndrome: Can We Prevent It?

July Drug Therapy Related Issues in Patients Who Received Bariatric Surgery (Part I)

August Drug Related Therapy Issues in Patients Who Received Bariatric Surgery (Part II)

September The Art of Fistuloclysis: Nutritional Management of Enterocutaneous Fistulas

October Managment of Catheter-Related Infections in Patients Receiving Home Parenteral Nutrition

November Nutrition Interventions Before and After Adult Intestinal Transplant: The Pittsburgh Experience

December Pre-Op NPO and Traditional Post-Op Diet Advancement: Time to Move On



January Vitamin B12: No One Should Be Without It

February Iron: Not Too Much and Not Too Little

March Enteral Nutrition: Should It Be Continued in the Patient with Clostridium Difficile Enterocolitis?

April Metabolic Acidosis in Patients With Gastrointestinal Disorders

May The Effect of Diabetes-Specific Formulae on Glycemic and Clinical Indicators

June Wernicke’s Encephalopathy: Role of Thiamine

July   When What Comes Out is Way More Than What Goes In: Perineal Skin Care

August Diagnosis, Treatment and Nutritional Management of Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

September Enteral Feeding and Vasoactive Agents: Suggested Guidelines for Clinicians

October  Enteral Feeding in Hospitalized Patients: Early Versus Late Feeding

December Intradialytic Parenteral Nutrition: Evidence Based Recommendations