“False Positive” Claims of Near-Death Experiences and “False Negative” Denials of Near-Death Experiences

This article evaluates “false positive” claims of people who say they have had NDEs even though their experiences do not meet research criteria for NDEs, and “false negative” denials of people who deny having had NDEs even though their experiences do meet research criteria for NDEs.  The experiences of “false positive” claimants and of “false negative” deniers differ from the experiences of “true positive” claimants who did have NDEs and of “true negative” deniers who did not have NDEs.  The frequencies of “false positive” claims and of “false negative” denials are influenced by prior knowledge of NDEs and other psychological factors.