Leveraging Technology: Creating and Sustaining Changes for Health. Telemedicine and e-Health

October 19, 2017 by School of Medicine Webmaster

Objective: The rapid growth and evolution of health-related technology capabilities are driving an established presence in the marketplace and are opening up tremendous potential to minimize and/or mitigate barriers associated with achieving optimal health, performance, and readiness. This article summarizes technology-based strategies that promote healthy habits related to physical activity, nutrition, and sleep. Materials and Methods: The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center convened a workshop titled “Leveraging Technology: Creating & Sustaining Changes for Health” (May 29–30, 2013, Fort Detrick, MD). Participants included experts from academia (n=3), government (n=33), and industry (n=16). A modified Delphi method was used to establish expert consensus in six topic areas: (1) physical activity, (2) nutrition, (3) sleep, (4) incentives for behavior change, (5) usability/interoperability, and (6) mobile health/open platform. Results: Overall, 162 technology features, constructs, and best practices were reviewed and prioritized for physical activity monitors (n=29), nutrition monitors (n=35), sleep monitors (n=24), incentives for change (n=36), usability and interoperability (n=25), and open data (n=13).Conclusions: Leading practices, gaps, and research needs for technology-based strategies were identified and prioritized. This information can be used to provide a research and development road map for (1) leveraging technology to minimize barriers to enhancing health and (2) facilitating evidence-based techniques to create and sustain healthy behaviors.