Diversity, Equity, Inclusion
The Department of Surgery is committed to embracing and promoting a culture of inclusiveness, diversity, and equity. We strive to foster a community where inclusiveness becomes the norm, and where we recognize and value the interdependence of inclusion and excellence in all of our missions. Through respect for the intrinsic worth and dignity of all people, the Department of Surgery will deliver excellent patient care in a professional setting, train future surgical leaders in nationally ranked medical education programs, and conduct cutting-edge research.
2017: Department of Surgery Diversity & Inclusion Plan written, outlining goals, strategies and success metrics relevant to DEI
2017: Surgery residents co-found Housestaff Council on Diversity & Inclusion (HCDI)
HCDI works with residents from other departments and provides a council where residents from diverse backgrounds can fellowship and develop DEI initiatives that improve recruitment and foster a supportive training environment. Diversity & Inclusion – Graduate Medical Education
HCDI Leadership affiliated with the Department of Surgery:
- Markie Fleming II, MD – President, 2017-2020 (general surgery resident)
- Allison Martin, MD, MPH – Treasurer, 2017-2019 (general surgery resident)
- Erik Scott, MD – President, 2022-2023 (integrated cardiothoracic surgery resident)
- Perry Bradford, MD – Vice President, 2022-2023 (integrated plastic surgery resident)
2018: Visiting 4th year medical student scholarship in Surgery established Visiting Fourth Year Scholarship – UVA Department of Surgery (virginia.edu)
2018: Trainee Diversity & Inclusion Conference launched by Surgery residents Drs. Allison Martin and Markie Fleming, now an annual conference organized by HCDI
2020: Visiting Professorship for General Surgery Residency Alumni, as mid-level faculty, established
2020: Department of Surgery Diversity & Inclusion Council launched The department’s Diversity & Inclusion Council is open to all faculty and residents.
2020: D&I Council organizes four working groups in education, policy, research, and professional development to develop anti-racism policies and programs and to foster an inclusive environment for the department.
2021: D&I Council Working Group recommendations completed
2022: Inaugural Department of Surgery Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Resident Scholarship awarded
The Diversity & Inclusion Council Mission:
- Define and collect key performance metrics to identify targets for positive change.
- Assist in development and evaluation of diversity & inclusion initiatives.
Examples of our work:
- Targets for Positive Change: After reviewing our invited visiting speakers over a 5-year period, we created a mechanism for ensuring diversity in our speakers, surgical specialties, and presentation topics.
- Annual Visiting Professorship: This Visiting Professorship was established for Alumni of our General Surgery Residency Program who are currently mid-career academic surgeons. Invitations for visiting professorships are particularly impactful mid-career, a time when academic faculty are establishing their national reputations. Through this visiting professorship, we demonstrate our longitudinal support for the professional development of our former residents and learn more about the impressive accomplishments of our trainees after graduation!
- We are honored to welcome the following alumni back for our Annual Visiting Professorship:
2022: Amber Shada, MD; Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin “The Future is Now. How Do We Get There?”
2021: Sara Hennessy, MD; Associate Professor, University of Texas Southwestern “The Value of Empathy: a Surgeon’s Experience on the Other Side of Medicine”
2020: Paris Butler, MD MPH; Associate Professor, University of Pennsylvania “Enhancing Ethnic Diversity in Academic Surgery: Making the Quality and Excellence Argument”
- Diversity & Inclusion Initiatives: The four D&I Council Working Groups in Education, Research, Policy, and Professional Development issued recommendations for the department to develop anti-racism policies and programs and to foster an inclusive environment. Each working group was co-led by a resident and faculty member and benefitted from broad participation. Many of the recommendations have been implemented by the department.
The D&I Council is led by Dr. Anneke Schroen, MD, who serves as the Department’s Justice Equity Diversity Inclusion Strategist (JEDIS).
The department’s Diversity & Inclusion Council is open to all faculty and residents.
The department places an emphasis on DEI topics in our Grand Rounds schedule.
- Susan Kirk, MD and Panel, “Multidisciplinary Care of the Transgender Patient” (March 2, 2022)
- Arturo Saavedra, MD, “Social Determinants of Health: Fact or Fiction” (January 12, 2022)
- Tracy Downs, MD, “Training the Next Generation: Can We Increase Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Graduate Medical Education Training Programs” (September 15, 2021)
- Ebony Hilton, MD, “The Intersectionality of Pandemic and Protest: the Shared Vein of Systemic Racism” (September 23, 2020)
- Preston Reynolds, MD, “Race Science and Eugenics at UVA” (September 16, 2020)
- Paris Butler, MD, “Enhancing Ethnic Diversity in Academic Surgery: Making the Quality and Excellence Argument” (February 5, 2020)
- Sharon Stein, MD, “Diversity in Surgery” (September 18, 2019)
- Caprice Greenberg, MD, “Sticky Floors and Glass Ceilings” (September 12, 2018)
- Crystal Johnson-Mann, MD, “Gender and Racial Diversity in Surgery: a Work in Progress” (June 13, 2018)
- Kirt von Daake, PhD, “Slavery, Race, and Medical Education at UVA in the 19th Century” (January 31, 2018)
- Megan Tracci, MD, “What Are We Missing Here? The Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Outcomes, Federal Programs and Care” (September 27, 2017)
- Anneke Schroen, MD and Michael Williams, MD “I’m Not Biased…am I? Lessons in Implicit Bias” (January 27, 2016)
Society Travel and Membership Support for Residents
Travel and membership support available to professional organizations that provide important sources of mentorship, networking, and career development opportunities for general surgery residents from groups traditionally underrepresented in medicine. To date this has included the Society of Black Academic Surgeons, the Latino Surgical Society, and the Society of Asian Academic Surgeons. We welcome the opportunity to support active participation in other professional organizations promoting DEI in Surgery. Available support includes annual membership and travel twice during residency. Please contact general surgery residency program leadership for details.
URiM Leadership Program and Travel Scholarship Diversity & Inclusion – Graduate Medical Education Scholarship available to visiting 4th year medical students accepted into elective rotations at UVA (July –October) who are either part of a group underrepresented in medicine or strongly interested in DEI work. This program includes a special leadership program in addition to the clinical elective and provides a $1500 travel stipend.
Department of Surgery Visiting Student Elective Scholarship available to visiting 4th year medical students accepted into an elective rotation at UVA Surgery and who are part of a group underrepresented in medicine.
Department of Surgery Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Resident Scholarship
This two-year scholarship provides support for work on DEI initiatives to a resident in the Department of Surgery. Eligible residents have or will serve at least two years of training in general surgery or the integrated program in cardiothoracic surgery at the University of Virginia. Applicants should be committed to enhancing diversity, equity and inclusion in surgery through service, leadership, education, research, and/or other innovative initiatives. The successful applicant will be expected to develop and/or enhance, and lead, solution-oriented work on a departmental or institutional level that is focused on actively fostering a culture of inclusiveness, diversity, and equity in our workplace and/or the greater Charlottesville community. The Scholarship provides a $2,500 stipend per awardee divided over two years. The Scholarship may be awarded to one junior (PGY 1-2) and one senior (PGY 3-5) resident (research years will count as junior) every two years or staggered, with up to two active scholarships at any given time. At the completion of the two-year award, a report to the Department of Surgery of completed work and its impact is required.
Department of Surgery Research Funding in DEI
Each year the department supports faculty-led research projects. With future calls for research proposals, we will be offering an annual award for a faculty-led project in clinical outcomes and/or health services research studying social determinants of health, racial/ethnic disparities in health or healthcare delivery, and/or the effects of racism on health and society. This research grant will be valued up to $20,000.
The department is committed to participating in pathway programs into science and medicine, supporting local youth from groups underrepresented in medicine.
During the pandemic, the department contributed to the Charlottesville City Schools iSTEM program by helping create and distribute in-home STEM teaching kits to elementary school children missing access to in-classroom teaching activities.
Surgery is a departmental sponsor for the University of Virginia School of Medicine’s Summer Opportunities in Academic Research (SOAR) program. SOAR seeks to encourage local high school students of color to pursue careers in science by offering a summer program in biomedical research and clinical medicine exposure.
The department participates in the Summer Medical Leadership Program (SMLP), providing shadowing experiences for undergraduate students from underrepresented groups and disadvantaged backgrounds interested in pursuing careers in medicine.
Food Insecurity in the Community: Dr. Jeffrey Gander, a pediatric surgeon in the UVA Department of Surgery and his partners in the Department of Pediatrics are working to tackle food insecurity in the community. When children come to a clinic visit at UVA Children’s, their families are screened for food insecurity. If interested, they are offered non-perishable food items for the Battle Building Healthy Food Pantry to take home that day. For patients who live in the Charlottesville or Albemarle County area, they can join a fresh fruit and vegetable program. UVA has partnered with a not for profit Local Food Hub to deliver a bi-weekly share of fresh food to the house of our patients with food insecurity. The food comes from local Virginia farmers. Dr. Gander recently received a large grant from the USDA to study the effect on health outcomes of the fresh food program. Pediatric Team Bringing Fresh, Healthy Food to Those in Need | UVA Today
2021: Markie Fleming, II, MD MS, Martin Luther King Jr. Health System Award
Established in 2013, Dr. Martin Luther King University of Virginia Health System Award is presented annually to a student, faculty or staff member of the Health System who embodies Dr. Martin Luther King’s values and teachings, in cultural competence, health care disparities, or fostering an environment of inclusiveness, in accordance with the institution’s mission and values.
Markie Fleming, II, MD MS and Courtney Lattimore, MD: Inaugural recipients of Department of Surgery Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Resident Scholarship
Over this 2-year scholarship, Drs. Fleming and Lattimore will focus on improving the 4th year medical student experience on Surgery, with special emphasis on students visiting UVA and students from historically underrepresented groups.
2020: Anneke Schroen, MD, MPH: Sharon L. Hostler Women in Medicine Leadership Award
The Hostler Award recognizes excellence in several of the following areas: clinical care, teaching, scholarship, mentoring, research, leadership, community service, commitment to continuous learning, and exerting influence in fostering a better institutional environment by advocating for women’s issues.
Department of Surgery Faculty Selected for Participation in iDRIV (Inspiring Diverse Researchers in Virginia)
Designed to support researchers who are nationally underrepresented in clinical or translational science, the year-long iDRIV program iDRIV Program | integrated Translati (ithriv.org) augments early career faculty development through education, coaching, mentorship and sponsorship.
iDRIV Scholars from the Department of Surgery:
Sandra Kabagambe, MD (2021-22)
Nicolas Goldaracena, MD (2021-22)
Paola Vargas, MD (2021-22)
Ileana Mauldin, PhD (2022-23)
Topics relevant to DEI and health disparities feature in our training.
- Monthly special presentation on healthcare disparity at M&M conference
- Stepping In For Respect training for all faculty and residents (2020-21). Stepping In For Respect provides workshop-based training in creating a culture of respect and inclusion.
DEI Related & Health Disparities Research
Residents and faculty in the Department of Surgery engage in research relevant to DEI and health disparities. We are pleased to share some of our latest peer-reviewed publications:
“Gender Disparity in the Citation of Surgical Research.” Kane WJ, Hedrick TL, Schroen AT.J Am Coll Surg. 2022 Apr 1;234(4):624-631. doi: 10.1097/XCS.0000000000000089.PMID: 35290282
“Influence of Gender on Surgical Residency Applicants’ Recommendation Letters.” Turrentine FE, Dreisbach CN, St Ivany AR, Hanks JB, Schroen AT.J Am Coll Surg. 2019 Apr;228(4):356-365.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.12.020. Epub 2019 Jan 8.PMID: 30630084
“Racial and Gender Discrimination in Hand Surgery Letters of Recommendation.” Bradford PS, Akyeampong D, Fleming MA 2nd, Dacus AR, Chhabra AB, DeGeorge BR Jr.J Hand Surg Am. 2021 Nov;46(11):998-1005.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.07.009. Epub 2021 Aug 20.PMID: 34420838
“The Risk and Reward of Speaking Out for Racial Equity in Surgical Training.” Fleming MA 2nd, Scott EJ, Bradford PS, Lattimore CM, Omesiete WI, Williams CA, Williams MD, Martin AN.J Surg Educ. 2021 Sep-Oct;78(5):1387-1392. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2021.01.015. Epub 2021 Jan 31.PMID: 33531275
“Disparities in telemedicine utilization among surgical patients during COVID-19.” Lattimore CM, Kane WJ, Fleming MA 2nd, Martin AN, Mehaffey JH, Smolkin ME, Ratcliffe SJ, Zaydfudim VM, Showalter SL, Hedrick TL.PLoS One. 2021 Oct 8;16(10):e0258452. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0258452. eCollection 2021.PMID: 34624059
“Investigating racial disparities in bariatric surgery referrals.” Johnson-Mann C, Martin AN, Williams MD, Hallowell PT, Schirmer B.Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2019 Apr;15(4):615-620. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2019.02.002. Epub 2019 Feb 12.PMID: 3082433
“UVA makes progress in supporting and retaining a diverse surgical trainee population.” Fleming M II, Martin AM. Bulletin of the Am Coll Surg. Jan 8, 2021
“The measurable impact of a diversity, equity, and inclusion editor on diversifying content and perspectives represented in the Journal of Vascular Surgery.” Weaver ML. Presented at 2022 Vascular Annual Meeting (VAM), Boston MA, June 15–18, 2022. Diversity gains momentum at JVS
UVa Office of Graduate Medical Education: Diversity & Inclusion page – Graduate Medical Education
Diversity at UVa School of Medicine: Diversity at the University of Virginia School of Medicine
UVa Stepping In for Respect Training: Stepping In For Respect
Summer Medical Leadership Program (for undergraduate students): Summer Medical Leadership Program (SMLP) – Diversity at the School of Medicine
University of Virginia (UVA) Department of Surgery: UVA Department of Surgery at the School of Medicine, General Surgery Residency – UVA Department of Surgery.
Inspiring Diverse Researchers in Virginia (iDRIV): iDRIV Program | integrated Translati (ithriv.org)