Residency Program

Director's Welcome

Welcome to our residency program!

Dr. Anne Mills

Dr. Anne Mills, Program Director

Nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains is a vibrant academic community whose ambition is to cultivate the brightest up-and-coming pathologists.  Our program is challenging but incredibly rewarding, and we are proud to produce excellent patient-centered pathologists who remain well-balanced people.  As a department, we value diversity, inclusion, and equity and have multiple ongoing efforts in these areas.

For fourth year medical students considering applying to our residency, we are offering virtual open house weeks scheduled for August 10-14 and August 24-28th: please reach out to me at to learn more. 

The first year of AP/CP training at UVA centers on Anatomic Pathology, with an emphasis on Surgical Pathology, Cytopathology, and Autopsy.  Residents are centered in the AP division, where they are provided with a personal desk in an office with two or three other residents. These offices are located in the same hallway as the faculty, resulting in a collegial atmosphere as rich with laughter and banter as it is with interesting case discussions. Sign-outs occur either at one of the multi-headed scopes that pepper the hallways or at dual-headed scopes in faculty offices which offer mountain views. The grossing and frozen section suite is located one floor down – immediately across from the operating rooms – and offers abundant space, customizable grossing benches, and multi-headed scopes for frozen section interpretation. The autopsy suites offer modern facilities with two locker rooms and showers, which can be utilized by trainees who choose to grab some mental health miles or strength work in the house staff gym as a break during a preview evening. Clinical work is interspersed with teaching conferences that range from interactive slide sessions to didactic lectures to hands-on autopsy organ reviews.

Second-year residents are stationed a 5-minute walk across the hospital in newly renovated office spaces.  During this year of their training they focus on Lab Medicine and rotate through Hematopathology, Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology, Blood Banking and Transfusion Medicine, Molecular/Genomic Pathology, Cytogenetics, Coagulation, and Informatics. Although the topics are widespread, the division is cohesive and culminates in the weekly Lab Medicine Call conference. This educational and lively Friday morning session consistently has high faculty participation, allowing residents to learn from the experts as call situations are discussed.

As the residents progress through their 3rd and 4th years they are given increased responsibility and independence. With faculty supervision, they lead tumor boards, manage challenging consultation cases, and interpret frozen sections. Because of this graduated responsibility, I am proud to say that our trainees graduate with the competence and comfort to practice independently. Trainees also use their elective time to cultivate experiences geared towards their own individualized career plans: this may, for example, involve concentrating on dermatopathology, rotating through neighboring community practices, honing medical kidney diagnostic skills, generating educational content, or drilling down on research projects. As I tell all our interviewees, our goal is not to craft our residents in our own image, but to help you become the best version of the pathologist you would like to be.

Regardless of your ultimate career goals, you will find UVA to be a rich environment for engaging in translational investigations. The Department provides trainees with research stipends for well-considered projects and is supported by the UVA Biorepository and Tissue Research Facility, whose staff are skilled at antibody validation, tissue microarray construction, and immunohistochemical staining, including multicolor immunohistochemistry. They are building robust digital pathology services with exciting potential for collaboration with our Department. Resident productivity in research is reflected in their presence at national meetings: UVA routinely has a dozen or more resident-driven abstracts admitted to the annual meetings of organizations like the College of American Pathologists (CAP) and the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathologists (USCAP). Moreover, we have an excellent track record for seeing these studies through to publication. Here, you can see a list of recent publications on which residents and fellows served as first authors. And here you can see our resident and fellow USCAP 2020 representation and CAP 2019 representation.

Our residents are also involved in medical student education throughout their training, actively teaching medical students in the pre-clerkship courses and during their rotations in pathology. We offer enhanced training in this arena through our Education Track, which allows trainees with an interest in academics to augment their educational and leadership skills. Similarly, while all residents have strong exposure to quality improvement throughout their training, those with a special interest in this area may pursue a Quality Track which includes heightened exposure to the quality improvement and assurance activities within our Department. Finally, residents with an interest in Global Health may follow our Global Health Track, which includes rotating in Guatemala with our partner pathologist at the Hospital Regional de Occidente.

Many trainees choose to extend their time at UVA by joining one of our excellent fellowship offerings in Cytopathology, Gynecologic and Breast Pathology, Dermatopathology, Hematopathology, Neuropathology, Blood Banking and Transfusion Medicine, Clinical Chemistry, and Lab Genetics and Genomics. From there, they go on to rich and varied careers in academic pathology, community hospitals, private practices, and forensic pathology.

Our residents travel from all over the country to join our program and make Charlottesville, Virginia their new home. Relative to its population, Charlottesville offers a wide range of restaurants, live performances, outdoor activities, and nearby attractions (i.e. wineries, The Atlantic Ocean, Blue Ridge and Appalachian Mountains, Washington DC). It is a great place to branch out and explore as well as raise children. Seasonally speaking, the autumn foliage is stunning, winters are mild, springs are abundant with flowers, and the summers provide ample rain and sunshine for outdoor gardens.

Our residency program is truly a gem. We are proud of our accomplishments and strive to be a leader in the ever-changing field of pathology. I hope that you consider joining our team! Follow us on Twitter at @UVA_Pathology or with the #UVAPath hashtag to see more about who we are and what we do.

Best regards,

Anne Mills, MD

Residency Program Director


How to Apply

The  application cycle will offer 5 residency positions on a competitive basis. Appointments are made through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) and applications are only accepted through the Electronic Residency Application Services (ERAS). The application deadline is November 1st of the prior year . Orientation is mid-June for appointments to begin July 1st. Applicants are encouraged to submit their application in September.  Interviews are conducted on 9 selected days between November and January. The interview day will begin around 7:45 a.m. and end by 3:00 p.m.

We review and assess each application on its individual merits.

We look forward to reviewing your application and thank you for your interest in our program.


Our Commitment to Diversity

UVA Department of Pathology stands with ethics, integrity, and academic excellence, as a cornerstone of University culture. The University promotes an inclusive and welcoming environment that embraces the full spectrum of human attributes, perspectives, and disciplines. When people of different backgrounds come together, they exchange ideas, question assumptions (including their own), and broaden the horizons for us all. A University of Virginia community rich in diversity affords every member equal respect and provides a forum for understanding our differences as well as our commonalities.

For more information on diversity at the University of Virginia, please visit the Vice President & Chief Officer For Diversity & Equity.