Margaret K. Sande, MD, MS, MSHPEd

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

P.O. Box 800699
Charlottesville, VA 22908-0699
Phone: 434-924-8485
Fax: 434-924-2877





BS, Engineering Science, University of Virginia (2003)
MS, Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia (2004)
MD, Indiana University School of Medicine (2008)
Residency, Emergency Medicine, Denver Health (2012)
Fellow, Medical Simulation, Massachusetts General Hospital (2013)
MS, Health Professions Education, MGH Institute of Health Professions (2015)

Clinical Interests

  • Biomedical design and engineering
  • Developing medical simulation programs to impact quality, patient safety, and test processes or devices/products

Recent Publications

  • Hayden, E., Wong, A., Ackerman, J., Sande, M.K., Lei, C., Cassara, M., Cooper, D., Perry, K., Lewandowski, W., and Scerbo, M. “Human Factors and Simulation in Emergency Medicine,” Academic Emergency Medicine. 2018 Feb; 25(2): 221-229
  • Sande, M.K., Lowenstein, S.R., and Wolf, S.J. “Integration of an Audience Response System into Simulation-based Medical Education: A Qualitative Analysis,” submitted for publication
  • Smalley, C.M., Sande, M.K., Wilson, J.E., and Lewis, R. “An Education Innovation to Improve Point-of-Care Ultrasound Skills in Senior Emergency Medicine Residents: A Mandatory Advanced Rotation,” Journal of Medical Education and Training 2017; 1:001.
  • Poon, S.J., Nelson, L.S., Hoppe, J.A., Perrone, J., Sande, M.K., Yealy, D.M., Beeson, M.S., Todd, K.H., Motov, S.M. and Weiner, S.G. Consensus-Based Recommendations for an Emergency
    Medicine Pain Management Curriculum. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Aug; 51(2): 147-154
  • Stevens A., Hernandez C., Jones S., Moreira M., Blumen J., Hopkins E., Sande M.K., Bakes K., Haukoos J. “Color-coded Prefilled Medication Syringes Decrease Time to Delivery and Dosing Errors in Simulated Prehospital Pediatric Resuscitations: A Randomized Crossover Trial,” Resuscitation. 2015 Nov; 96: 85-91
  • Moreira, M.E., C. Hernandez, A.D. Stevens, S. Jones, M.K. Sande, J.R. Blumen, E. Hopkins, K. Bakes, J.S. Haukoos. “Color-coded Prefilled Medication Syringes Decrease Time to Delivery and Dosing Error in Simulated Emergency Department Pediatric Resuscitations,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2015 Aug; 66(2): 97-106
  • Niell, B.L., T. Kattapuram, E.F. Halpern, G.M. Salazar, A. Penzias, S.S. Bonk, J.C. Forde, E. Hayden, M.K. Sande, R.D. Minehart, J.A. Gordon.  “Prospective analysis of an interprofessional team training program using high-fidelity simulation of contrast reactions,” AJR American Journal of Roentgenology. 2015 Jun;204(6):W670-6
  • Smalley, C., G. Jacquet, M.K. Sande, K. Heard, J.P. Druck.  “Impact of a teaching service on ED throughput: A retrospective evaluation of length of stay and patient volume,” Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 15, 2: 165-169 (PMCID:  PMC3966460)
  • Sande, M.K., K.B. Broderick, M.E. Moreira, E. Hopkins, B. Bender, J.A. Buchanan.  “Sexual Assault Training in Emergency Medicine Residencies: A survey of Program Directors,” Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 14, 5: 461-466 (PMID: 24106543)
  • Sande, M.K., D. Thompson, A.A. Monte. “Fomepizole for Severe Disulfiram-Ethanol Reactions,” American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2012; Vol 30, 1: 262. (PMID: 21208769)